Emplectonema gracile

Emplectonema gracile

Biological Flags

  • Ecosystem: Marine
Languages: English

Description

External Appearance

Body very long and slender, somewhat flattened below, irregular and ungraceful in form, and sluggish in movement. Head slightly broader than rest of body; snout blunt, posterior extremity of body tapering gradually to a point.

The common opening of the mouth and proboscis lies ventrally a little back from the tip of the snout. The cerebral sensory organs lie far in front of the brain, and each communicates with the exterior by a canal which opens on the ventro-lateral margin near the tip of the snout.

Uniform dark green above and nearly white below; sometimes greyish or yellowish green above, and very pale yellowish green below. The color of Alaska specimens is as a rule paler and more greyish green than in Mediterranean specimens. The head is bordered with a narrow band of white, uniform with that of hte lower surface. Back of the head is an inconspicuous transverse band paler than the rest of the dorsal surface. The pigment resides wholly in the integument, the muscular layers and other organs of the body being practically colorless.

Proboscis and Rhynchocoel System

The stylet apparatus is especially characeristic of the species. The basis

Sensory Organs

The eyes are characteristically arranged in two groups on each side of the head. The anterior group on each side usually consists of 8 to 10 pigment-cups arranged in a single row near the antero-lateral border of the head. These lie deeply imbedded in the tissues of the head, and are much more conspicuous from the ventral surface owing to the presence of much pigment on the dorsal surface above them in ordinary states of contraction. Each posterior group lies nearly above the brain and consists of 10-20 ocelli in an irregular cluster. The eyes of the posterior groups are visible only from the dorsal surface, and the smaller in size than those of the anterior groups. The integument may be scraped off so as to expose the eyes clearly.

Taxonomy

  • Nemertes gracilis (synonym)

References

Coe, W. R. (1904).  Nemerteans of the Pacific coast of North America. Part II. Harriman Alaska Series. 11, 111–220.
McIntosh, W. C. (Submitted).  A monograph of the British annelids. Part I. The nemerteans.. 214 pp..